What are humic substances?

Humic substances can be divided into three different components based on their solubility;

  • Humic acid: the component of humus that is not soluble in water, with a very low pH value, that becomes soluble as the pH rises. Through a unique process we have managed to make the humic acid soluble.
  • Fulvic acid: the humus component that is soluble at any pH value.
  • Humin: the component of humus that is insoluble in water at any pH value.

The precise structure and properties of humus substances are highly dependent on the source from which they are isolated and the methods of extraction.

Humic substances are the most common organic macromolecules in nature and have a high carbon content. They are an important component in the soil; they have an effect on the physical and chemical properties of the soil and they improve soil fertility, but also increase the disease resistance of plants/crops so that they can better withstand stress. Humus improves the structure and processability of the soil and increases its moisture retention capacity. Humus also stimulates soil life and increases soil resilience. In nature, humus is replenished faster than it disappears, giving you a build-up of humus and a continuous improvement of the quality of the soil, and yet modern agriculture means that more and more humic acid disappears from our soil every year, impoverishing our agricultural land and decreasing crop yields.

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Humic substances

Humic substances are characterized by their high molecular weight and solubility, and varying qualities and colors. “Humic substances” is a collective term for the following 3 substances:
Humic acid

Characteristics:

Humic acid is characterized by the following qualities:

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    High molecular weight
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    Color: brown to black
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    (dissolved) humus: bound to elements, brown in color and is not tasteless, so this is not (unbound) fulvic acid
Fulvic acid

Characteristics:

Fulvic acid is characterized by the following qualities:

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    Extremely light molecule that penetrates the cell wall
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    Free and unbound, has no taste, and has a golden yellow color
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    Thanks to our unique fermentation process (3 to 4 months) our fulvic acid is free from any contamination that might be present in the humus layer
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    Our fulvic acid is not produced synthetically or chemically, but 100% naturally
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    Note: Dissolved humus is bound to elements and gives a brown color and is not tasteless, so therefore is not (unbound) fulvic acid
Humin

Characteristics:

Humin is characterized by the following aspect:

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    Little is known from (scientific) literature about how humin works.

Effects:

Humic acid is characterized by the following positive effects:

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    Binds heavy metals
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    Reduces stress
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    Supports intestinal health
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    Ensures good moisture management and workability of the soil

Effects:

Fulvic acid is characterized by the following positive effects:

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    Improved absorption of nutrients. Fulvic acid is a transporter, it binds vitamins, minerals and trace elements and transports through the body
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    Removes heavy metals. Fulvic acid is a natural chelator. That is, it not only binds to organic material but also to inorganic material. This signifies that it also transports the heavy metals out of the body
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    Fulvic acid is a natural product and is “recognized” by humans, animals and plants as a substance they need – for example, experience shows that finicky animals readily ingest feed or water that has been supplemented with one of our products.

Effects:

Humin is characterized by the following positive effects:

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    Binds heavy metals