Humic substances can be divided into three different components based on their solubility;
- Humic acid: the component of humus that is not soluble in water, with a very low pH value, that becomes soluble as the pH rises. Through a unique process we have managed to make the humic acid soluble.
- Fulvic acid: the humus component that is soluble at any pH value.
- Humin: the component of humus that is insoluble in water at any pH value.
The precise structure and properties of humus substances are highly dependent on the source from which they are isolated and the methods of extraction.
Humic substances are the most common organic macromolecules in nature and have a high carbon content. They are an important component in the soil; they have an effect on the physical and chemical properties of the soil and they improve soil fertility, but also increase the disease resistance of plants/crops so that they can better withstand stress. Humus improves the structure and processability of the soil and increases its moisture retention capacity. Humus also stimulates soil life and increases soil resilience. In nature, humus is replenished faster than it disappears, giving you a build-up of humus and a continuous improvement of the quality of the soil, and yet modern agriculture means that more and more humic acid disappears from our soil every year, impoverishing our agricultural land and decreasing crop yields.